The following document is a selection of primary sources available not only at McGill Library but also on the web, compiled for HIST 591 Course (Fall 2013):
MICROFILMS AND MICROFICHES AVAILABLE @ MCGILL
- Church Missionary Society Archive: Section IX. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Adam Matthew Publications, 2009.
Covers CMS stations in Palestine (1880-1934): includes Letter Books and Precis Books containing correspondence, circulars and reports describing medical work, education, social welfare and evangelism in all the mission Centers.
The material also contains much on the Native Church Council and its workings; reports on the work of Bible women; difficulties between the bishop and missionaries and the work of female missionaries among the local women including the amalgamation of the Female Education Society with CMS. Lists of missionaries, both European and native are included.
BV2500 A2 C8456 2009 Micro film – Islamic Studies Library
- Church Missionary Society Archive: Section IV. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Adam Matthew Publications, 2009.
Covers CMS stations in Africa (1880-1934) including Letter Books and Precis Books containing correspondence, circulars and reports describing medical work, education, social welfare and evangelism in all the mission Centers
Part 7: Sudan, 1905-1949 (reels 109-129)
Part 14: Egypt Mission, 1889-1934 (reels 284-300)
Part 15: Egypt Mission, 1889-1949 (reels 301-314)
BV2500 A2 C84 1997 Micro film – Humanities and Social Sciences Library
- Palestine: The British Mandate : a Collection of Sources from 1917-1940, published on Microfiche. Zug, Switzerland: Inter Documentation Co, 1990.
This collection covers the principal Memoranda, Statements and Reports published during the time of the British Mandate, from the Balfour Declaration in 1917 until the end of the Mandate in 1948. The collection includes the White Papers and Reports relating to the Official Commissions sent to Palestine. Sources relating to the general social, demographic and economic development of Palestine have also been included.
KMQ 1044.9 P35 1986 Micro fiche – Nahum Gelber Law Library
- Palestine, the Legal Background: a Collection of Sources published on Microfiche from the Collection of Law in the Service of Man, Ramallah. Zug, Switzerland: Inter Documentation, 1984.
Includes: Ottoman Laws, Laws issued in Palestine by the Mandate Authorities, Jordanian Laws and Military Orders and Israeli Laws and Decrees.
KMQ 1044.9 P354 1984 Micro fiche – Nahum Gelber Law Library
DATABASES ACCESSIBLE @ MCGILL
- Archives unbound. Gale, Cengage Learning, 2012.
Archives Unbound presents topically-focused digital collections of historical documents.
- Evangelism and the Syria-Lebanon Mission: Correspondence of the Board of Foreign Missions, 1869-1910
The records of the Board of Foreign Missions provide invaluable information on social conditions in Greater Syria (and Lebanon) and on efforts to spread the gospel during the nineteenth century. Documenting the church’s educational, evangelical, and medical work, these are records mainly of incoming correspondence from the mission field and outgoing correspondence from the Board headquarters
- The Middle East Online: Iraq, 1914-1974
Iraq 1914-1974 offers the widest range of original source material from the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the Anglo-Indian landing in Basra in 1914 through the British Mandate in Iraq of 1920-32 to the rise of Saddam Hussein in 1974. Here major policy statements are set out in their fullest context, the minor documents and marginalia revealing the workings of the mandate administration, diplomacy, treaties, oil and arms dealing. Topics covered include: The Siege of Kut-al-Amara, The War in Mesapotamia and the capture of Baghdad in 1917, Introduction of the British Mandate, and the installation of King Faisal in 1921, The British administration in Baghdad, Gertrude Bell, advisor to the British administration, in both reports and memos, The Arab Uprising of 1920, Independence, and Iraq’s membership of the League of Nations in 1932, Coups d’etat in the 1930s and 1940s, The Baghdad Pact of 1955 and the military coup of 1958 leading to the establishment of a republic, The Cold War and Soviet intervention in Iraq, Kurdish unrest and the war in Kurdistan, Oil concessions and oil exploration, The Rise of Ba’athism and Saddam Hussein, The USSR-Iraq Treaty of Friendship in 1972, Iran-Iraq relations
- The Middle East Online: Arab-Israeli Relations, 1917-1970
Arab-Israeli Relations 1917-1970—offers the widest range of original source material from the British Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the 1917 Balfour Declaration through to the Black September war of 1970-1. Here major policy statements are set out in their fullest context, the minor documents and marginalia revealing the workings of colonial administration and, following the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, British diplomacy towards Israel and the Arab states. Additional value has been by the expansion from the original 562 National Archives records to over 17,000, thus substantially improving access to over 138,000 pages documenting the politics, administration, wars and diplomacy of the Palestine Mandate, the Independence of Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Some of the topics covered include the British capture of Jerusalem, the milestones in the Palestine-Zionist tension and their impact on British policy leading to the Partition of 1948, Jewish terror groups, the background to the establishment of the State of Israel as a Jewish national home, the Border wars of the 1950s, formation of the United Arab Republic, the Cold War in the Middle East and Black September
- The King and the People in Morocco, 1950-1959
Morocco’s strategic location has shaped its history. After gaining independence in 1956, Morocco made great strides toward economic and political liberalization. The sultan Muhammad V, ruling his newly independent nation, proclaimed his intention of turning it into a constitutional monarchy. His first act was to transform himself into a monarch and assume the title of king. The Moroccan government undertook a number of economic, social, and political reforms, including the drafting of a constitution.
- Confidential Print: Middle East. Marlborough, Wiltshire, England: Adam Matthew Digital, 2000.
The Confidential Print series, issued by the Foreign and Colonial Offices since c. 1820, originated out of a need for the Government to preserve all of the most important papers generated by the Foreign and Colonial Offices. Some of these are one-page letters or telegrams; others are large volumes or texts of treaties.
It covers the Egyptian reforms of Muhammad Ali Pasha in the nineteenth century, the Middle East Conference of 1921, the Mandates for Palestine and Mesopotamia and the Suez Crisis in 1956, the partition of Palestine, post-Suez Western foreign policy and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
All documents are fully text-searchable.
- Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily reports
Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports consists of daily reports published from September 4, 1941 through March 29, 1974
Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Report Annexes consists of annexes created by the U.S. intelligence community to benefit analysts and policy makers, originally published from April 1974 through September 1996.
- The Listener: historical archives (1929-1991). Gale, Cengage Learning, 2011.
The Listener was a weekly publication, established by the BBC in 1929 as the medium for reproducing radio – and later, television – programmes in print. It is the only record and means of accessing the content of many early broadcasts. In addition to expanding on the intellectual broadcasts of the week, it also discussed contemporary issues (including political issues), and regularly reviewed new books. 10% of its content was actually not connected to broadcasting at all. What united the very diverse articles was the BBC’s cultural mission of educating the masses. Having chronicled the transformative rise of radio and television, The Listener finally ceased publication in 1991, just on the dawn of the internet age.
- PAIS Archive (1915-1976)
Consists of indexing and abstracting of articles, books, conference proceedings, government documents, book chapters, and statistical directories about public affairs.
- ProQuest historical annual Reports
Provides access to 43,000 annual reports (1844-current) of over 800 companies. Searchable puff images with indexed data such as: financial, Fortune 500 ranking, industry classification, key people, geographic location, auditor and related companies.
- World News Connection
Offers translated and English language news and information compiled from non-United States media sources.
Coverage includes political, environmental, scientific, technical, and socioeconomic issues and events.
Contains information derived from full-text and summaries of newspaper articles, conference proceedings, television and radio broadcasts, periodicals, and non-classified technical reports.
ON THE INTERNET: DIGITAL COLLECTIONS AND WEBSITES
ARTstor is a digital Library of nearly one million images in the areas of art, architecture, the humanities and social sciences. Browse by geographical area to find images of the Middle East.
- The Avalon Project. Yale Law School
The Avalon Project includes documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. Collection: “The Middle East 1916-2001: a documentary record”
- British History online. Institute of Historical Research, and History of Parliament Trust
BHO is the digital library containing some of the core printed primary and secondary sources for the history of the British Isles, including administrative, legal, and parliamentary documents. Created by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust, it aims to support academic and personal users around the world and their learning and research.
- EuroDocs. Richard Hacken, European Studies Bibliographer at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA.
Online sources for European History: includes legal and governmental documents, transcriptions, facsimiles and commentaries
- Gallica. Bibliothèque Nationale de France
- Voyage en Afrique
This digital collection offers a wide selection of documents, primarily in French, covering the entire African continent in the 18th and 19th century. Contents include: maps of peoples and kingdoms, colonial history, physical map, antique maps, nautical maps, full text books, journal articles, maps illustrating themes: L’Europe decouvre l’Afrique, L’Afrique des cultures, Histoire coloniale : la France en Afrique, L’Afrique vue depuis la France. Journal articles (Bulletins de la Societe d’anthropologie de Paris; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie de Paris; le Tour du Monde, 1860-191; La Geographie; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie commerciale de Bordeaux; Revue maritime et coloniale, Annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l’histoire: Nouvelles annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l’histoire and many more. An entire section of the website is dedicated to the history of French colonial policy in Africa (1830-1945)
- La quinzaine coloniale
La quinzaine coloniale was the official journal of the French colonial Union. Published between 1897 and 1914, but the BNF only digitized issues running from 1901 to 1914.
- Gertrude Bell Archive. Newcastle University Library
The Gertrude Bell Archive comprise Gertrude’s personal correspondence, diaries and miscellaneous items, such as Review of the Civil Administration of Mesopotamia (1920), notebooks, obituaries, lecture notes and miscellaneous reports, memoranda and cuttings. Approximately 1,600 letters and diaries covering the years 1877-1879 and 1893-1900 (with some gaps reflecting where there is no hard-copy of the diary) can be found transcribed on this website, along with approximately 7,000 of her archaeological and travel photographs.
- Internet Archive
The Internet Archive, is a non-profit organization building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, IA provides free access to researchers, historians, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public.
Sources primarily on and from the U.S. but provides access to some interesting books (travel accounts, or memoirs) digitized. Search by country name (Sudan, Syria, Algeria, etc…)
- Matson (G. Eric and Edith) Photograph Collection. Library of Congress
The G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection is a rich source of historical images of the Middle East. The majority of the images depict Palestine (present day Israel and the West Bank) from 1898 to 1946. Most of the collection consists of over 22,000 glass and film photographic negatives and transparencies created by the American Colony Photo Department and its successor firm, the Matson Photo Service. Over 1,000 photographic prints and eleven albums are also part of this collection.
Digital images for the negatives and transparencies and a sample of the photographs are available online.
- The Middle East in Early Prints and Photographs. New York Public Library
This digital collection gives access to several thousand prints and photographs contained in works from the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century. These include books illustrated with prints or photographs, photograph albums, and archival compilations; the processes represented range from engravings to lithographs, and from salt prints to heliogravures.
- The Palestine Poster Project Archives. Dan Walsh, MA student at Georgetown University (2011)
Web-based archives that displays a broad range of Palestine posters in a searchable format with each poster translated and interpreted. Titles included are from the Liberation Graphics collection, the Library of Congress, the Central Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, Yale University, the University of Chicago and a host of other sources. Currently, archives contains 5593 posters and 1237 artists
- Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs
This collection of maps covers much of Palestine’s modern history. While many of these maps represent PASSIA’s own work, others are drawn from secondary sources – as indicated beneath the individual maps.
- Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection. University of Texas at Austin.
This University of Texas at Austin Libraries website offers access to a great number of their historical maps which have been digitized. It also provides a lengthy list of links to some other historical maps websites. Both their digital collection of historical maps and the list of websites can be browsed by geographic region (Africa / Middle East).
- Sudan Open Archives. Rift Valley Institute, 2005.
Offers free digital access to historical and contemporary books and documents about all regions of Sudan. It is an expanding, word-searchable, full-text database.
- World Ditigal Library
The World Digital Library (WDL) makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from countries and cultures around the world. WDL partners are mainly libraries, archives, or other institutions that have collections of cultural content that they contribute to the WDL. Partners may also include institutions, foundations, and private companies that contribute to the project in other ways, for example by sharing technology, convening or co-sponsoring meetings of working groups, or contributing financially.
The “Middle-East and North Africa” corpus includes 1712 documents.
MONOGRAPHS (PRINT AND ELECTRONIC) AVAILABLE @ MCGILL
Library of Congress Classification call numbers:
History of the Middle East:
- Iraq DS 67 to DS 79.9
- Lebanon DS 80 to DS 90
- Syria DS 92 to DS 99
- Palestine DS 101 to DS 151
History of North Africa:
- Egypt DT 43 to DT 153.5
- Sudan DT 154 to DT 159.9
- Algeria DT 271 to DT 299
Note that materials will primarily be located in the Islamic Studies Library (ISL) and in the Humanities and Social Sciences Library (HSSL)
A selection of monographs by three important characters: Charles George Gordon, Gertrude Bell and Frantz Fanon
Charles George Gordon
Gordon, Charles G, and George B. N. Hill. Colonel Gordon in Central Africa, 1874-1879: With a Portrait; and Map of the Country Prepared Under Colonel Gordon’s Supervision. London: T. de La Rue & Co, 1881. Print.
—–, Ismāʻīl, and Muḥammad F. Shukrī. Equatoria Under Egyptian Rule: The Unpublished Correspondence of Col. (afterwards Major-Gen.) C. G. Gordon with Ismaïl, Khedive of Egypt and the Sudan, During the Years 1874-1876. Cairo: Cairo University Press, 1953. Print.
—–, and D C. K. Boulger. General Gordon’s Letters from the Crimea, the Danube, and Armenia. Aug. 18, 1854, to Nov. 17, 1858. London: Chapman and Hall, 1884. Internet resource.
—–, and A E. Hake. The Journals of Major-Gen. C.g. Gordon, C.b., at Kartoum. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1885. Internet resource.
—–, and A E. Hake. The Journals of Major-Gen. C.g. Gordon, C.b., at Kartoum: Printed from the Original Mss. London: s.n., 1898. Print.
—–. General Gordon’s Khartoum Journal. London: W. Kimber, 1961. Print.
—–, and A E. Hake. The Journals of Major-Gen. C.g. Gordon, C.b., at Kartoum: Printed from the Original Mss. London: K. Paul, Trench & Co, 1885. Print.
—–, and Mary A. Gordon. Letters of General C.G. Gordon: To His Sister, M.A. Gordon. London: Macmillan and Co, 1888. Print.
—–. Reflections in Palestine. 1883. London: Macmillan and Co, 1884. Internet resource.
Bell, Gertrude L. Amurath to Amurath. London: William Heinemann, 1911. Print.
—–. The Arab of Mesopotamia. Basrah: Published by the Superintendent, Government Press, 1917. Print.
—–. The Desert and the Sown. London: W. Heinemann, 1907. Print.
—–, and Elsa Richmond. The Earlier Letters of Gertrude Bell. London: E. Benn, 1937. Print.
—–. “The East Bank of the Euphrates from Tel Ahmar to Hit.” The Geographical Journal. 36.5 (1910): 513-537. Print.
—–. Gertrude Bell: From Her Personal Papers, 1889-1914. London: Benn, 1958. Print.
—–, and Florence E. E. O. Bell. The Letters of Gertrude Bell. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1927. Print.
—–, and Rosemary O’Brien. Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914. Syracuse, N.Y: Syracuse University Press, 2000. Print.
—–. “A Journey in Northern Arabia.” The Geographical Journal. 44.1 (1914): 76-77. Print.
—–. Persian Pictures. London: Benn, 1928. Print.
—–. Safar Nameh: Persian Pictures. London: R. Bentley and Son, 1894. Internet resource.
—–. Syria: The Desert & the Sown. New York: E.P. Dutton and Co, 1907. Internet resource.
Wilson, Arnold T, and Gertrude L. Bell. Review of the Civil Administration of Mesopotamia. London: H.M. Stationery Off, 1920. Internet resource.
Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. London: Pluto, 2008. Internet resource.
—–. Les Damnés De La Terre. Paris: F. Maspero, 1968. Print.
—–. A Dying Colonialism. New York: Grove Press, 1967. Print.
—–. “The First Page of Frantz Fanon’s Diary, 1960.” Wasafiri. 20.44 (2005): 24-25. Print.
—–. “Journal – >.” Esprit. (2006): 157. Print.
—–. Pour La Révolution Africaine: Écrits Politiques. Paris: F. Maspero, 1975. Print.
—–. “Questions D’identite – Racisme Et Culture.” Présence Africaine. (2002): 77. Print.
—–. Sociologie D’une Révolution: (l’an V De La Révolution Algérienne). Paris: F. Maspero, 1968. Print.
—–. Toward the African Revolution: Political Essays. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1967. Print.
—–, and Constance Farrington. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1968. Print.